Is Adderall Addictive? Effects of Adderall Addiction

Is Adderall Addictive?

Prescriptions for Adderall, used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), have skyrocketed in recent years due to widespread abuse. Despite its usefulness in treating ADHD, its stimulant properties have made it a target of abuse by those who, like students and working adults, want to increase their concentration and productivity. However, there are serious consequences associated with Adderall abuse, the most serious of which is addiction.

Many people depend on Adderall, making it a major public health problem. Adderall addiction (addiction adderall) is associated with many negative outcomes, including deterioration in physical and mental health, problems in interpersonal relationships, and even legal trouble.

The number of Adderall addicts has risen partly because the drug is easy to depend on. Adderall is highly addictive, and many people taking it for medical reasons completely depend on it.

Although Adderall can be helpful for people with ADHD, the risks of becoming addicted to the drug are not to be disregarded. Adderall addiction can have serious consequences for a person’s health and well-being, both physically and mentally. Therefore, if you or someone you care about is struggling with Adderall addiction, it is crucial to become educated on the drug’s risks and get help.

Those who are interested in learning more about Adderall addiction, its causes, and the various treatment options open to those who are battling this disease have come to the right place. We’ll talk about the warning signs of Adderall abuse and what to do if you or someone you know has a problem with the drug.

Adderall Addiction Signs

Many people who abuse Adderall develop a devastating addiction to the drug. Addictive behaviors may lead to negative changes in one’s physical and mental health, conflicts in interpersonal relationships, and even legal trouble. To get help for those who need it, it is crucial to recognize the signs and symptoms of Adderall addiction. Here we’ll look at some of the symptoms that may indicate that you have an Adderall problem.

Adderall addiction symptoms:

  • Increasing the dosage of Adderall beyond what was recommended.
  • Using Adderall outside of prescribed doses.
  • Using Adderall persistently despite its harmful effects.
  • Getting or using Adderall without a doctor’s approval.
  • Put in a lot of effort and cash to get and use Adderall.
  • Using Adderall excessively to neglect responsibilities at work, school, or home.
  • Taking Adderall to help deal with mental or emotional strain.
  • Taking the stimulant Adderall and acting recklessly.
  • Struggling with Adderall withdrawal while trying to cut back on use.

Signs You’re Addicted to Adderall or Adderall Addiction:

  • Enhanced vigilance and vitality.
  • Less hunger and weight loss as a result.
  • Problems falling asleep or staying asleep.
  • Anger or agitation.
  • Discomfort caused by inactivity.
  • Illusions or paranoia.
  • Psychotic breaks or hallucinations.
  • A rise in blood pressure or heart rate.
  • Heart palpitations or chest pain.
  • Constipation, diarrhea, and/or nausea.

An Adderall addict has become physically and psychologically reliant on the drug. Adderall addicts often experience significant negative consequences due to their addiction, including physical and mental health problems, relationship difficulties, and legal issues. It is essential to recognize the signs of Adderall addiction and seek help from those who need it.

Adderall Abuse Statistics

Adderall abuse is a growing problem in many parts of the world. According to recent studies and reports, Adderall abuse has increased among young adults, college students, and professionals seeking to enhance their academic or work performance. These statistics highlight the need for greater awareness and prevention efforts to address the negative consequences of Adderall abuse.


Approximately 6.4% of Americans aged 18-25 reported misusing prescription stimulants like Adderall in 2020.

Source: National Survey on Drug Use and Health


Emergency department visits related to nonmedical use of prescription stimulants, including Adderall, increased by 220% between 2006 and 2011.

Source: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry


20% of college students reported using Adderall without a prescription, with the primary motivation being to improve academic performance.

Source: Partnership for Drug-Free Kids

Adderall Drug Facts

Adderall Abuse Overview

Adderall is a prescription medication commonly used to treat Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Narcolepsy. However, Adderall is also a highly abused drug due to its stimulant effects that can increase focus, energy, and productivity. Individuals who abuse Adderall often take the drug in larger doses than prescribed, more frequently than prescribed, or without a prescription.

Adderall Abuse Effects

Adderall abuse can negatively affect an individual’s physical and mental health. Short-term effects of Adderall abuse can include loss of appetite, insomnia, anxiety, agitation, and increased heart rate and blood pressure.

Long-term abuse of Adderall can lead to severe health problems such as addiction, cardiovascular damage, seizures, and psychosis. Additionally, Adderall abuse can cause relationship difficulties, academic or job performance problems, and legal issues. It is crucial to seek help for Adderall abuse to prevent these negative effects and promote long-term health and well-being.

Adderall Abuse Treatment

  • Treatment for Adderall abuse usually involves a combination of therapy, support groups, and medication management.
  • Detoxification is often the first step in treating Adderall abuse and involves managing withdrawal symptoms as the drug is slowly removed from the body.
  • Behavioral therapy, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), can help individuals identify and change negative patterns of thinking and behavior that contribute to substance abuse.
  • Support groups like 12-step programs like Narcotics Anonymous can provide valuable support and accountability during recovery.
  • Medications may be used to help manage withdrawal symptoms and cravings, as well as treat underlying mental health conditions that contribute to substance abuse.
  • Aftercare programs, such as continued therapy and support groups, can help individuals maintain their recovery and prevent relapse.
  1. Can You Get Addicted To Adderall?

    Physical and psychological dependence are both possible outcomes of using Adderall. Adderall can be highly addictive, and even those who take it as prescribed may experience withdrawal when they try to stop.

  2. How Addictive Is Adderall?

    Adderall abusers are among the most likely to develop a dependency on the drug. When used incorrectly, the drug can cause both physical and psychological dependence.

  3. Is Adderall Addictive For ADHD?

    People with ADHD who take Adderall as directed rarely develop an addiction to the drug. However, the risk of addiction is significantly higher for people who do not have ADHD but use Adderall for other reasons.

  4. Is Adderall Addicting?

    Addiction to Adderall is very real. When used incorrectly or abused, the drug can cause severe psychological and physiological dependence.

  5. Is Adderall Addictive Or Habit Forming?

    Adderall can cause addiction and habituation. The drug can easily be abused, which can lead to dependency and addiction. Regular Adderall users risk developing a dependence on the drug even after their initial medical need has passed.

  6. How Long Does It Take To Get Addicted To Adderall?

    Several factors, including genetics, dosage, frequency of use, and method of administration, influence how quickly an individual develops an addiction to Adderall. However, research shows that after just a few weeks or months of regular use, Adderall addiction can set in. It’s crucial to look out for the warning signs of addiction and get help right away.

  7. Can Someone With Adhd Get Addicted To Adderall?

    An Adderall addict must have Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. The levels of the neurotransmitters dopamine and norepinephrine in the brain are boosted by the use of Adderall, a drug that stimulates the central nervous system. These neurotransmitters control mental processes like concentration and disposition.

    Adderall can help people with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder focus and maintain their attention. However, addiction is possible with these drugs because they alter brain chemistry.

Adderall Addiction Side Effects

Not everyone who abuses Adderall will experience all of these short-term effects, and the severity of the effects can vary greatly from one person to another and from one degree of addiction to another. These negative, short-term effects can be mitigated significantly by getting help for Adderall addiction.
Not everyone who abuses Adderall will experience all of these short-term effects, and the severity of the effects can vary greatly from one person to another and from one degree of addiction to another. These negative, short-term effects can be mitigated significantly by getting help for Adderall addiction.

Adderall Addiction Short-Term Effects

  • Loss of appetite.
  • Insomnia.
  • Anxiety.
  • Agitation.
  • Paranoia.
  • Increased heart rate and blood pressure.
  • Headache.
  • Dizziness.
  • Hallucinations (in some cases).
  • Seizures (in some cases).
  • Cardiac arrest (in rare cases).
  • Negative effects on personal relationships.
  • Negative effects on work or academic performance.
  • Negative effects on financial stability.

Not everyone who abuses Adderall will experience all of these short-term effects, and the severity of the effects can vary greatly from one person to another and from one degree of addiction to another. These negative, short-term effects can be mitigated significantly by getting help for Adderall addiction.

Adderall Addiction Long-Term Effects

  • The body can develop a tolerance to Adderall, making it necessary to take increasingly large doses to experience the same effects.
  • Adderall can potentially cause physical and psychological dependence if used for an extended period. The body has come to rely on the drug for normal functioning, and discontinuing its use may result in unpleasant withdrawal symptoms.
  • Symptoms of Adderall withdrawal include drowsiness, mood swings, irritability, and fatigue after discontinuing use.
  • High blood pressure, palpitations, and irregular heartbeats are just some of the cardiovascular issues that have been linked to chronic Adderall use.
  • Abuse of Adderall has been associated with an increased risk of several mental health issues, including anxiety, depression, and psychosis.
  • Cognitive Impairment: Memory, attention, and concentration problems have been linked to long-term Adderall use.
  • Insomnia & Other Sleep Disorders: Adderall has been linked to disrupted sleep patterns.
  • Adderall’s appetite-suppressing effects can cause malnutrition and other issues related to eating poorly.
  • Long-term use of Adderall has been linked to an increased risk of substance abuse and addiction.

Can Someone With Adhd Get Addicted To Adderall?

Yes, someone with ADHD can become addicted to Adderall. Adderall is a central nervous system stimulant that increases the levels of dopamine and norepinephrine in the brain. These chemicals are responsible for regulating attention, focus, and mood. For people with ADHD, Adderall can improve their ability to concentrate and stay alert. However, as with any medication that affects the brain’s chemistry, there is a risk of addiction.

Addiction is a complex condition characterized by compulsive drug seeking and use despite harmful consequences. In the case of Adderall addiction, a person with ADHD may start to rely on the drug to function normally and may begin to take higher doses or use it more frequently than prescribed. This can lead to tolerance, dependence, and withdrawal symptoms if the drug is stopped abruptly.

It’s important to note that not everyone who takes Adderall will become addicted. The risk of addiction can be reduced by taking the medication as prescribed, avoiding increasing the dose without a doctor’s approval, and monitoring for any signs of dependence or abuse. Regular communication with a healthcare provider can help identify potential issues early and provide appropriate support and treatment.

Adderall Addiction Treatment

Adderall addiction treatment usually involves a combination of medication and therapy. The goal of treatment is to help the individual overcome the physical and psychological dependence on the drug and learn new coping skills to manage ADHD symptoms without Adderall.

Here are some common treatments for Adderall addiction:

  • Medication-Assisted Treatment: This involves using medication to help manage withdrawal symptoms and cravings. Medications like buprenorphine, naltrexone, and methadone effectively treat Adderall addiction.
  • Behavioral Therapy: This therapy focuses on helping individuals learn new coping skills and behaviors to manage their ADHD symptoms without Adderall. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is a commonly used therapy that can help people develop healthy habits and coping strategies to manage their condition.
  • Support Groups: Joining a support group, such as Narcotics Anonymous, can provide individuals with a supportive community of people recovering from addiction. Support groups can help individuals stay motivated and accountable in their recovery journey.
  • Inpatient Rehab: For severe cases of Adderall addiction, inpatient rehab may be necessary. This involves staying at a residential treatment center for a period of time to receive intensive treatment and support.
  • Outpatient Rehab: Outpatient rehab may be an option for less severe cases. This involves attending therapy and support group sessions on an outpatient basis while still living at home.
Adderall addiction treatment usually involves a combination of medication and therapy. The goal of treatment is to help the individual overcome the physical and psychological dependence on the drug and learn new coping skills to manage ADHD symptoms without Adderall.
Adderall addiction treatment usually involves a combination of medication and therapy. The goal of treatment is to help the individual overcome the physical and psychological dependence on the drug and learn new coping skills to manage ADHD symptoms without Adderall.

Working with a healthcare provider or addiction specialist is important to determine the most appropriate treatment plan for an individual’s needs. With the right treatment and support, recovery from Adderall addiction is possible.

We Level Up Adderall Addiction Dual Diagnosis Treatment

The definition of dual diagnosis (also referred to as co-occurring disorders) can differ between institutions. However, it is generally described as the specific treatment of someone diagnosed with a substance use disorder and a mental health disorder simultaneously. Treating dual-diagnosis clients is a critical aspect of our inpatient treatment experience because co-occurring disorders are strongly correlated with instances of substance abuse.

Creating a treatment plan that addresses the physical aspects of withdrawal, the psychological connection with drug use, and managing underlying mental health disorders is part of setting clients up for success.  A thorough mental health analysis identifies possibilities for treatment.  Meeting with mental health counselors and medical care providers means access to behavioral therapy and medication treatment. At our dual diagnosis treatment center, We Level Up can implement the highest quality of care. 

We recognize the fragile complexities of how mental and substance abuse disorders can influence others and sometimes result in a vicious cycle of addiction.  That’s why we offer specialized treatment in dual-diagnosis cases to provide the most excellent chance of true healing and long-lasting recovery.

Accepting that you may be living with a mental illness can be challenging. However, treating the presenting substance abuse case can be magnitudes easier once properly diagnosed and treated. Only a properly trained medical professional can diagnose these underlying conditions.  If you believe you are suffering from a disorder alongside addiction, we urge you to seek a qualified treatment center to begin your journey to recovery. Call We Level Up today.

Start a New Life

Begin with a free call to an addiction & behavioral health treatment advisor. Learn more about our dual-diagnosis programs. The We Level Up treatment center network delivers recovery programs that vary by each treatment facility. Call to learn more.

  • Personalized Care
  • Caring Accountable Staff
  • World-class Amenities
  • Licensed & Accredited
  • Renowned w/ 100s 5-Star Reviews

We’ll Call You

Prescriptions Drugs & Adderall Addiction Informative Video

Joey’s Opiates, Drugs, and Alcohol Addiction Recovery Story

Joey’s story is a sad reminder of the harsh reality of addiction. He faced significant challenges in his recovery journey after losing his son, but his progress toward sobriety has been inspiring. The crucial first step for Joey was seeking help for his addiction, and he deserves all the necessary support to aid his recovery process.

Search Is Adderall Addictive? Effects of Adderall Addiction Topics & Resources
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  2. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) –
  3. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) –
  4. U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) –
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Azithromycin and Alcohol, Dangers and Effects

Azithromycin And Alcohol Interactions

Azithromycin is an antibiotic commonly used to treat bacterial infections in the respiratory tract, skin, and genital area. Azithromycin is an effective medication for treating these infections, but there are risks if you drink alcohol simultaneously.

The serious and potentially harmful effects of combining Azithromycin and alcohol (azithromycin alcohol) are the reason for the warnings against alcohol consumption while taking Azithromycin. An increased risk of liver damage and toxicity is associated with taking Azithromycin and alcohol consumption.

Azithromycin’s gastrointestinal side effects, like nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea, can worsen with alcohol and last longer than expected.

Azithromycin is used to treat bacterial infections, but drinking alcohol can lessen the drug’s effectiveness and make the infection harder to treat. Combining azithromycin with alcohol raises the probability of cardiovascular complications like irregular heartbeat, chest pain, and rapid heartbeat. Combining Azithromycin with alcohol can exacerbate preexisting heart problems.

To prevent these side effects, Azithromycin patients should heed the drug’s warnings against consuming alcohol. Azithromycin users should abstain from alcohol while on the drug and for at least 72 hours afterward.

This article will explain why it’s not a good idea to combine Azithromycin and alcohol, what could go wrong if you did, and what you can do to minimize the risk of negative side effects.

Can You Drink Alcohol While Taking Azithromycin?

Azithromycin is an antibiotic prescribed for various bacterial infections, including those caused by viruses. Alcohol consumption while taking Azithromycin increases the risk of drug interactions and adverse effects, even though Azithromycin is an effective treatment for these infections.

The potential for increased liver damage and toxicity due to alcohol and azithromycin is cause for serious concern. When combined with Azithromycin, alcohol can reduce the antibiotic’s effectiveness against bacterial infections. The gastrointestinal side effects of Azithromycin, such as nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea, can be amplified and prolonged by concurrent alcohol consumption.

It is strongly advised that alcohol consumption be avoided during Azithromycin treatment as the two should not be taken together. Increased heart rate, irregular heart rhythm, and chest pain are some cardiovascular complications that can result from combining azithromycin and alcohol.

If you took Azithromycin, you shouldn’t drink alcohol for at least 72 hours after finishing your treatment. The medication will have had time to leave your system by then completely, lowering the likelihood of negative interactions with azithromycin interactions with alcohol.

In conclusion, if you want your Azithromycin treatment to be as safe and effective as possible, you should not drink alcohol while taking it. If you have any questions or concerns about azithromycin interaction with alcohol, you should talk to your doctor.

Alcohol Abuse Statistics

High-Intensity Drinking is a new trend discovered by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA). Alcohol consumption “at levels that are two or more times the gender-specific binge drinking thresholds” is included in the definition of high-intensity drinking (HID).

There isn’t much peer-reviewed research because it’s still a new trend. According to the information that is currently available, HID is widespread among binge drinkers and is frequently related to important occasions, particularly 21st birthdays and athletic events.


140,557 Americans die from the effects of alcohol in an average year.

Source: NIAAA


1-in-10 Americans over the age of 12 have Alcohol Use Disorder.

Source: NIAAA


Over half of Americans increased their alcohol consumption during COVID-19 lockdowns.

Source: NIAAA

Alcohol Abuse Facts

Alcohol Abuse Overview

An unhealthy drinking pattern that interferes with daily tasks. Alcohol abuse occurs when a person has a major drinking problem but is not yet physiologically dependent on alcohol. The failure to fulfill significant work, school, or family obligations is a symptom, as are legal or social issues or drinking in risky settings, as when operating a motor vehicle. Support groups, counseling, or relapse prevention medication are all possible treatment options.

Alcohol Addiction Treatment

Treatment may include support groups, counseling, or medication to prevent relapse.

  • Medical procedure: Alcohol detoxification.
  • Lifestyle drug: Abstinence.
  • Medications: Sedatives, Vitamins, Alcoholism medication, and Antiparasitics.
  • Therapy: Counseling psychology and Family therapy.

Alcohol Abuse Symptoms

The failure to fulfill significant work, school, or family obligations is a symptom, as are legal or social issues or drinking in risky settings, as when operating a motor vehicle.

  • Behavioral: antisocial behavior, impulsivity, self-harm, or lack of restraint.
  • Mood: anxiety, general discontent, or loneliness.
  • Gastrointestinal: nausea or vomiting.
  • Whole body: craving or blackout.
  • Also common: are physical dependence, depression, or headaches.
  1. How Long After Taking Azithromycin Can I Drink Alcohol?

    If you took Azithromycin, you shouldn’t drink alcohol for at least 72 hours after finishing your treatment. The medication will have had time to leave your system by then completely, lowering the likelihood of negative interactions with the alcohol.

  2. How Long After Taking Azithromycin Can You Drink Alcohol?

    Waiting at least 72 hours after finishing a course of Azithromycin before drinking is advised. There will be less chance of adverse reactions to alcohol if you wait until the medication has cleared your system.

  3. Can You Drink Alcohol With Azithromycin?

    An increased risk of liver damage and toxicity, decreased medication effectiveness, and increased severity and duration of side effects are all possible when alcohol is consumed while taking Azithromycin.

  4. Can I Drink Alcohol While Taking Azithromycin?

    Due to potential adverse interactions and side effects, consuming alcohol while taking Azithromycin is not recommended. It’s best to abstain from alcohol while taking Azithromycin and to wait at least 72 hours after finishing treatment before drinking again.

  5. Azithromycin Can You Drink Alcohol?

    Because of the risk of adverse interactions and side effects, it is not advised to combine Azithromycin with alcohol.

  6. Can I Drink Alcohol With Azithromycin?

    Due to potential adverse interactions and side effects, consuming alcohol while taking Azithromycin is not recommended. It’s best to abstain from alcohol while taking Azithromycin and to wait at least 72 hours after finishing treatment before drinking again.

  7. Can You Drink Alcohol While Taking Azithromycin For Chlamydia?

    If you have a bacterial infection like chlamydia, you shouldn’t combine Azithromycin with alcohol (azithromycin and alcohol). Consuming alcohol concurrently with medication use can increase the likelihood of undesirable side effects and drug interactions. It’s best to abstain from alcohol while taking Azithromycin and to wait at least 72 hours after finishing treatment before drinking again.

  8. Azithromycin And Alcohol How Long After?

    If you’ve just finished a course on Azithromycin, you shouldn’t have any alcoholic beverages for at least three days. This is because the effects of Azithromycin can linger in the body for days after administration, and mixing it with alcohol can amplify those effects. Your healthcare provider may have specific recommendations for you to follow when taking Azithromycin and alcohol.

It is generally not recommended to consume alcohol while taking Azithromycin or immediately after finishing the course of treatment.
It is generally not recommended to consume alcohol while taking Azithromycin or immediately after finishing the course of treatment.

Can You Drink Alcohol On Azithromycin?

It is generally not recommended to consume alcohol while taking Azithromycin or immediately after finishing the course of treatment. Azithromycin is an antibiotic commonly used to treat bacterial infections such as pneumonia, strep throat, and chlamydia. While Azithromycin can be an effective treatment option, it can also have potential interactions with alcohol that can increase the risk of certain side effects.

One of the main concerns with combining Azithromycin and alcohol is that alcohol can interfere with the effectiveness of the medication. Alcohol can also increase the risk of side effects such as stomach upset, dizziness, and headaches. Additionally, Azithromycin can stay in your system for several days after you finish taking it, which means that the potential for interaction with alcohol can persist even after you have completed your course of treatment.

Can I Drink Alcohol After Taking Azithromycin?

If you’ve just finished a round of Azithromycin, you shouldn’t have any alcoholic beverages for at least three days. This provides adequate time for the drug to be eliminated from the body and for any possible drug interactions to diminish. Because each patient’s situation is unique, it’s crucial to adhere to your healthcare provider’s advice on alcohol consumption while taking Azithromycin.

You should be aware of the risks and drink alcohol sparingly if you decide to do so after taking Azithromycin. Excessive alcohol consumption can increase the likelihood of adverse effects and reduce the body’s defenses against infection. Keep drinking water and pay close attention to your symptoms to see if they’re getting better.

In conclusion, though it might be tempting, you shouldn’t drink alcohol while taking Azithromycin. Avoiding interactions and side effects by not drinking alcohol for at least 72 hours after finishing a course of treatment is recommended. It is best to talk to your doctor if you have any questions or concerns about drinking alcohol while taking Azithromycin.

Does Alcohol Affect Azithromycin?

Azithromycin is an antibiotic used to treat various bacterial infections, including the skin, the lungs, and the genitourinary tract. It is generally accepted that this medication is safe and effective when used properly; however, it is important to be aware of any possible interactions with other substances, including alcohol.

When combined with azithromycin, alcohol can increase the likelihood of gastrointestinal side effects like nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. In addition to decreasing or increasing the risk of side effects, alcohol can alter how the body metabolizes the medication.

It’s also worth noting that alcohol consumption lowers the immune system, making it harder for the body to fight off an infection while on azithromycin. This may result in a lengthier healing process or more severe symptoms.

When taking azithromycin or any other antibiotic, it is best to abstain from alcohol. If you drink alcohol, do so in moderation and avoid binge drinking. Any concerns you have about possible interactions between alcohol and your medication should be discussed with your healthcare provider, who may be able to offer more tailored advice based on your specific situation.

Alcohol Addiction Treatment

People frequently consider 12-step programs or 28-day inpatient rehab when asked how alcoholism is treated, but they might struggle to name other choices. Several therapy options are now accessible due to considerable advancements made in the industry over the previous 60 years.

Ultimately, no one answer fits all, and what may be suitable for one person may not be for another. Merely being aware of your possibilities might be a crucial first step.

Alcoholism Treatment Options

  • Behavioral Treatments: With therapy, behavioral treatments try to alter a person’s drinking habits. Health professionals direct them, and research demonstrating their potential for good backs them up.
With therapy, behavioral treatments try to alter a person's drinking habits.
With therapy, behavioral treatments try to alter a person’s drinking habits.
  • Medications: To assist people in cutting back on their drinking and avoid relapsing, three drugs are now approved in the US. They can be taken independently or in conjunction with psychotherapy and are prescribed by a primary care physician or another healthcare provider.
  • Mutual-Support Groups: Peer support is offered by Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) and other 12-step programs for those who are giving up or cutting back on drinking. Mutual-support groups can provide an invaluable additional layer of support when combined with care provided by medical experts. Researchers find it challenging to evaluate the success rates of mutual-support groups run by health professionals and those led by laypeople due to the anonymity of these organizations.

Azithromycin and Alcohol, We Level Up Dual Diagnosis Treatment

The definition of dual diagnosis (also referred to as co-occurring disorders) can differ between institutions. However, it is generally described as the specific treatment of someone diagnosed with a substance use disorder and a mental health disorder simultaneously. Treating dual-diagnosis clients is a critical aspect of our inpatient treatment experience because co-occurring disorders are strongly correlated with instances of substance abuse.

Creating a treatment plan that addresses the physical aspects of withdrawal, the psychological connection with drug use, and managing underlying mental health disorders is part of setting clients up for success. A thorough mental health analysis identifies possibilities for treatment. Meeting with mental health counselors and medical care providers means access to behavioral therapy and medication treatment. At our dual diagnosis treatment center, We Level Up can implement the highest quality of care. 

We recognize the fragile complexities of how mental and substance abuse disorders can influence others and sometimes result in a vicious cycle of addiction. That’s why we offer specialized treatment in dual-diagnosis cases to provide the most excellent chance of true healing and long-lasting recovery.

Accepting that you may be living with a mental illness can be challenging. However, treating the presenting substance abuse case can be magnitudes easier once properly diagnosed and treated. Only a properly trained medical professional can diagnose these underlying conditions. If you believe you are suffering from a disorder alongside addiction, we urge you to seek a qualified treatment center to begin your journey to recovery. Call We Level Up today.

Start a New Life

Begin with a free call to an addiction & behavioral health treatment advisor. Learn more about our dual-diagnosis programs. The We Level Up treatment center network delivers recovery programs that vary by each treatment facility. Call to learn more.

  • Personalized Care
  • Caring Accountable Staff
  • World-class Amenities
  • Licensed & Accredited
  • Renowned w/ 100s 5-Star Reviews

We’ll Call You

Azithromycin and Alcohol, Alcoholism Treatment Informative Video

Alcoholism, also known as alcohol addiction or dependence, is a condition that results from excessive consumption of alcohol. This disorder is characterized by repetitive and extreme drinking habits that can result in addiction and adversely affect an individual’s life. Various methods and tactics are implemented to address alcoholism and aid people in overcoming the disorder and ceasing harmful drinking behavior. These techniques focus on addressing the problem’s underlying causes and assisting the person in their journey toward recuperation.

Search Azithromycin and Alcohol, Dangers and Effects Topics & Resources
  1. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism:
  2. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention:
  3. National Institutes of Health:
  4. Food and Drug Administration:
  5. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration:
  6. National Library of Medicine:
  7. MedlinePlus:
  8. National Institute of Mental Health:
  9. National Institute on Drug Abuse:
  10. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services:

Adderall Addiction Signs, Recognizing the Symptoms of Abuse

Adderall Addiction Signs

Signs of Adderall addiction can be serious and detrimental to one’s health. Some signs of Adderall addiction include:

  • Doses increased as tolerance developed.
  • Possessing an obsession with and a ravenous appetite for the drug.
  • Adderall abuse as a means of improving performance.
  • Addiction and recurrent, uncontrollable hunger.
  • Neglecting responsibilities and endangering relationships.
  • Effects of stopping use or withdrawal symptoms.
  • Using drugs despite knowing they’ll hurt you.
  • The fruitless effort to stop.
  • Changes in temperament, including elevated levels of anxiety and irritability.

What is Adderall Abuse?

Adderall is a medication available only with a doctor’s prescription that is used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) as well as narcolepsy. The stimulant effects of it, which can increase focus, energy, and productivity, are a common factor in Adderall abuse.

Adderall can cause addiction and dependence on the user if it is taken without a doctor’s prescription or in a manner not recommended by medical professionals. Abusing Adderall can involve taking higher doses than prescribed, taking the drug more frequently than prescribed, crushing the pills and snorting them, or injecting it. Other methods of abuse include snorting the drug or injecting it.

Abuse of Adderall can lead to many serious health problems, including elevated heart rate and blood pressure, difficulty sleeping, anxiety, aggression, and even psychotic episodes. Additionally, it can result in addiction, which, if not treated by a professional, can be extremely challenging.

Psychological Effects of Adderall Addiction

A person’s mental health may suffer significantly if addicted to the stimulant Adderall. The following is a list of some of the psychological effects of Adderall addiction:

  • Anxiety Disorders and Attacks of Panic.
  • Depression, as well as Thoughts of Self-Mutilation.
  • Irritability and Aggression are Common.
  • Hallucinations and paranoia both set in.
  • Lack of good judgment and a tendency to act rashly.
  • Problems with Memory and Cognitive Functioning are Present.
  • OCD, or Obsessive Compulsive Disorder.
  • Alterations in One’s Personality and Mood Swings
  • Sleep Disorders.
  • Psychosis and the Thinking That Accompanies It.
Adderall addiction warning signs. These signs include changes in behavior, social withdrawal, taking higher doses than prescribed, doctor shopping, and financial troubles.
Adderall addiction warning signs. These signs include changes in behavior, social withdrawal, taking higher doses than prescribed, doctor shopping, and financial troubles.

Adderall Abuse Statistics

According to the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), in 2020, approximately 4.8 million people aged 12 or older reported misusing prescription stimulants, including Adderall, in the past year. This represents 1.8% of the population aged 12 or older. However, it is important to note that not all prescription stimulant misuse involves abuse, and not all misuse involves Adderall.

1.2 million

The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) reports that in 2019, approximately 1.2 million people aged 12 or older reported misusing Adderall in the past year, which represents 0.4% of the population aged 12 or older.

Source: SAMHSA


Approximately 6.8% of college students and 4.7% of high school seniors reported using Adderall without a prescription in 2019.

Source: SAMHSA

59 million

59 million, or 21.4% of people 12 and over, have used illegal or misused prescription drugs within the last year.

Source: NIDA

Adderall Drug Facts



Adderall contains a combination of amphetamine and dextroamphetamine.

Amphetamine/dextroamphetamine is used to treat ADHD; narcolepsy and belongs to the drug class CNS stimulants. Risk cannot be ruled out during pregnancy.

Amphetamine/dextroamphetamine 20 mg is classified as a Schedule 2 controlled substance under the Controlled Substance Act (CSA).

Amphetamine and Dextroamphetamine

Availability: Prescription only

Drug Class: CNS Stimulants

Pregnancy Category: C – risk cannot be ruled out

CSA Schedule2 – High potential for abuse


What are Amphetamines?

Amphetamines are stimulants that speed up the
body’s system. Some are legally prescribed and used to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

What is their effect on the mind?

The effects of amphetamines are similar to cocaine, but their onset is slower, and their duration is longer.

In contrast to cocaine, which is quickly removed
from the brain and is almost completely metabolized, methamphetamine remains in the central nervous system longer. A larger percentage of the drug remains unchanged, producing prolonged stimulant effects.

Chronic abuse produces a psychosis that
resembles schizophrenia and is characterized by
paranoia, picking at the skin, preoccupation with one’s own thoughts, and auditory and visual hallucinations. Violent and erratic behavior is frequently seen among chronic users of amphetamines.

  1. Why do people abuse adderall?

    Some things can cause Adderall abuse. Some people use it to help them do better in school or at work, while others do it for fun to get a feeling of euphoria or more energy. Some people also take Adderall to help them lose weight or stay awake for a long time.

  2. How to get prescribed Adderall?

    People can get a prescription for Adderall from a doctor, a psychiatrist, or a qualified nurse practitioner. Before deciding whether or not to prescribe Adderall, these doctors usually do an evaluation. This may include a physical exam, a psychological evaluation, and a look at the patient’s medical history.

How do People Abuse Adderall?

Taking it more frequently than prescribed, taking it differently than prescribed, or taking it at a higher dose. Adderall abuse can take many forms, including the following:

  • Crushing and snorting the pills.
  • Putting the pills through an injection after dissolving them.
  • Ingesting a greater quantity of the tablets orally compared to what was recommended..
  • Utilizing the prescription medicine of another individual.

Abusing Adderall in these ways can raise one’s risk of experiencing adverse effects and developing an addiction to the drug. It is also possible for it to cause issues with one’s physical and mental health, including issues with the heart, high blood pressure, seizures, anxiety, and even paranoia.

Signs and symptoms of Adderall addiction.Adderall addiction can be difficult to detect, as the signs and symptoms may not be immediately apparent. However, if someone abuses Adderall, there are several physical and psychological signs to look out for.
Signs and symptoms of Adderall addiction.Adderall addiction can be difficult to detect, as the signs and symptoms may not be immediately apparent. However, if someone abuses Adderall, there are several physical and psychological signs to look out for.


Physical Signs of Adderall Abuse Addiction

Adderall abuse symptoms can present themselves with some physical signs and symptoms, including the following:

  • Addiction to the appetite suppressant Adderall can cause noticeable changes in eating habits and body weight.
  • Consistent inability to sleep or other sleep disturbances may indicate Adderall addiction because it is a known drug side effect.
  • Changes in Behavior and Interactions with Others: Adderall use has been linked to mood swings and agitation.
  • Those addicted to Adderall may start shirking their duties at home, in the classroom, and in the workplace.
  • Addiction to the stimulant Adderall can strain one’s finances due to the high cost of maintaining the habit.
  • High blood pressure, heart problems, and gastrointestinal issues are just some of the physical health problems resulting from long-term Adderall abuse.
  • Appearance Alterations Adderall abuse has been linked to a decline in personal hygiene and grooming practices.
  • Addiction to Adderall has been linked to social withdrawal, in which sufferers avoid contact with others.
  • Addiction may be present if one continues to use Adderall despite knowing that doing so will have negative consequences.

What are the Long Term Effects of Adderall Abuse?

Long-term symptoms of Adderall abuse can have severe physical and mental effects on a person. These effects can include:

  • Cardiovascular problems include high blood pressure, rapid heart rate, and irregular heartbeat.
  • Gastrointestinal issues like constipation, stomach cramps, and nausea.
  • Neurological damage such as seizures, tremors, and muscle twitches.
  • Mental health problems like anxiety, depression, and paranoia.
  • Insomnia and sleep disorders.
  • Malnutrition and unhealthy weight loss.
  • Decreased immune system function and frequent illnesses.
  • Sexual dysfunction and reproductive issues.
  • Cognitive impairments such as memory problems and difficulty concentrating.

These long-term effects may not be reversible and may have a significant negative impact on the quality of life of an individual. Using professional assistance and treatment is necessary to combat the abuse of Adderall and lessen the severity of its long-term effects.

Adderall and Alcohol Abuse

Side effects of Adderall abuse and alcohol together can be extremely hazardous to one’s health. Both substances can significantly affect the body and mind, and their interaction can lead to serious health risks. Both substances can have significant effects on the body and mind.

People might take Adderall to keep themselves awake and alert while they are drinking alcohol, but doing so puts them at an increased risk of alcohol poisoning in addition to other negative effects. In addition, Adderall has the potential to mask the effects of alcohol, making it more difficult to gauge when it is safe to stop consuming alcoholic beverages. In some people’s cases, this can lead to binge drinking and alcohol dependence.

If you or a loved one are struggling with substance abuse, it is important to recognize the risks of combining Adderall and alcohol and seek help if you have these problems.

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Adderall Abuse Signs Treatment

First, if you think a loved one is abusing Aderall, research the substances and their associated addiction to understand better what your loved one needs. Next, you must plan an intervention to provide your loved ones with options to battle the effects of Adderall addiction in a safe and supportive environment. During this intervention, offer compassion and support instead of judgment. Lastly, show your support throughout the entire treatment process.

In addition, prolonged drug use can have severe physical and psychological effects on you, so seeking treatment as soon as possible is essential. Inpatient drug rehab offers intensive care that can help you promptly get through the early stages of Adderall abuse long term effects withdrawal. 

Adderall Abuse Effects Detox

Medical detox is often considered the first stage of treatment. It will help you navigate the complicated Adderall detox withdrawal but doesn’t address patterns of thought and behavior contributing to drug use. Various treatment approaches and settings can help provide the ongoing support necessary to maintain long-term sobriety after you complete the Adderall abuse detox.

Cravings are very common during drug detox and can be challenging to overcome. This often leads to relapse. Constant medical care provided during inpatient treatment helps prevent relapse. Clinicians can give medication and medical expertise to lessen cravings and withdrawal symptoms.

Inpatient Adderall Abuse Rehab

There isn’t one treatment approach or style that will suit everyone. Treatment should speak to the needs of the individual. Inpatient rehab and addiction treatment aren’t just about drug use. the goal is to help the patient stop using Adderall and other substances, but drug rehab should also focus on the whole person’s needs.

Addiction is a complex but treatable disease that affects brain function and behavior. When someone or their family is considering different treatment facilities, they should account for the complexity of addiction and the needs of the individual. The objective of attending an inpatient rehab center for addiction treatment is to stop using the drug and re-learn how to live a productive life without it.

Following a full medical detox, most people benefit from inpatient rehab. Inpatient drug rehab can last anywhere from 28 days to several months. Patients stay overnight in the rehab facility and participate in intensive treatment programs and therapy. Once someone completes rehab, their addiction treatment team will create an aftercare plan, which may include continuing therapy and participation in a 12-step program like Narcotics Anonymous.

Several different modalities of psychotherapy have been used in the treatment of mental health disorders along with addiction, including:

Psychotherapy for Adderall Abuse Addiction

  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) – is an effective treatment that involves changing both the patterns of negative thoughts and the behavioral routines which are affecting the daily life of the depressed person for various forms of depression.
  • Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT) – is a comprehensive mental health and substance abuse treatment program whose ultimate goal is to aid patients in their efforts to build a life worth living. The main goal of DBT is to help a person develop what is referred to as a “clear mind.” 

Medication-Assisted Treatments for Adderall Abuse Addiction

Medication-Assisted Treatments (MAT) for substance use and mental health disorders are commonly used in conjunction. This includes the use of medications and other medical procedures. During your rehab, the staff from your treatment facility will help you identify what caused your addiction and teach you skills that will help you change your behavior patterns and challenge the negative thoughts that led to your addiction. Sometimes, the pressures and problems in your life make you rely on substances to help you forget about them momentarily. The effects on the nervous system can be treated simultaneously with the help of therapies.

If you or a loved one is struggling with Adderall Abuse and adderall addiction or a high-functioning aderall addict, call today to speak with one of our treatment specialists. Your call is private and confidential, and there is never any obligation. The We Level Up Lake Worth treatment center network offers nationwide facilities. Connect with one of our rehab specialists.

Find hope and healing at We Level Up NJ. Our drug rehab center offers personalized treatment plans and compassionate care to help you overcome addiction and reclaim your life. Take the first step towards recovery today.
Find hope and healing at We Level Up Lake Worth. Our drug rehab center offers personalized treatment plans and compassionate care to help you overcome addiction and reclaim your life. Take the first step towards recovery today.

Prescription Drug Abuse & Prescription Medication Addiction Recovery & Sobriety Story

“I wanted my life back. I was a shell of a person. I wanted to be trusted; I wanted relationships back that I lost, mainly my children and family. It started innocent enough, I got into a car accident, and then I got kind of sucked into the whole, you know, medication issue with the pills. And before I knew it, I was in a cloud. I was sucked in by addiction and with my mind,

I kept thinking it was OK because a doctor was prescribing this for me, a doctor was giving me this, a doctor was giving me that. So, I didn’t think I was doing anything wrong. Level Up supports my family and my relationships with my family, and they’ve helped me grow as a person. When I first started there, I was so intimidated and kind of scared, you know? But, they’ve taught me, they’ve kind of taught me how to come into my own. And then, you know, when I get the call from my twenty-one-year-old daughter in the middle of the day, just to say ‘I love you, Mom.’, that’s amazing.”

Jen’s Addiction Recovery Testimonial

Search We Level Up Lake Worth Adderall Addiction Signs: Recognizing the Symptoms of Abuse Topics & Other Resources

What Is Gabapentin Used For?

Even if you’ve never used gabapentin personally, you likely know someone who has. Initially created as an anti-seizure medication, off-label use of this drug has exploded due to the versatile nature of its pharmacology. Considered to be a safer and less addictive alternative to opioid prescriptions, gabapentin has quickly become one of the most commonly prescribed medications in the country. Although gabapentin has many helpful uses, it also carries a risk that is still overlooked by pharmacists, doctors, and regulating agencies. 


What Is Gabapentin?

Gabapentin is both a painkiller and anticonvulsant belonging to a unique drug class of its own namesake called gabapentinoids. It features a chemical structure similar to that of the GABA neurotransmitter, a chemical that blocks certain brain signals that can disrupt communication between your brain and nervous system. This can induce a calming effect on the mind and body that can make it function somewhat similarly to the effect of benzos or barbiturates. However, this mechanism has proven to be useful for a number of seemingly unrelated ailments.  


What Is Gabapentin Used For?

First discovered in Japan in the 1970s, gabapentin was originally used as an antispasmodic and muscle relaxer to help relieve cramps and other pain in the GI tract. Soon afterward, it was realized that gabapentin had the potential to be an effective anticonvulsant, a medication that suppresses that rapid neuron firing that causes seizures. As of today, this prescription drug is currently FDA-approved for three uses:

  • Partial seizure therapy
  • Postherpetic neuralgia
  • Moderate to severe restless leg syndrome

Its number of off-label uses, however, are far more numerous. Gabapentin quickly became a popular drug that was used to treat a number of ailments and its use has been documented to treat all sorts of health issues from the mundane to the rare. In addition to treating physical conditions with neurological origins such as seizures, gabapentin has also proven useful in treating psychiatric conditions and even symptoms associated with addiction withdrawal. Here are the many off-label gabapentin uses:

  • Alcohol withdrawal
  • Analgesic (postoperative)
  • Anxiety
  • Bipolar disorder
  • Diabetic neuropathy
  • Essential tremors
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Generalized tonic-clonic seizures
  • Interstitial cystitis
  • Insomnia
  • Itching (pruritus)
  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
  • Migraine prophylaxis
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Neuropathic pain
  • Postmenopausal hot flashes
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
  • Refractory chronic cough
  • Resistant depressant and mood disorders
  • Shingles
  • Social phobias


Why Gabapentin Is Dangerous

Unfortunately, readily availability, lax regulation, and lack of public awareness have led this seemingly innocuous drug to become a widespread problem. In addition to the rise of abuse, incidences of gabapentin-related deaths have been occurring with increasing regularity; making headlines that it could be one of the most dangerous drugs in America

Gabapentin is not a controlled substance, and is thus, is relatively easy to come by. A 2016 study showed that the vast majority of gabapentin abusers are those with a prescription (only a nominal amount of the general popular seek to misuse it). These individuals are taking it in substantially higher doses, up to 5,000 mg which is well over the highest possible maximum of 3,600 mg per day (which varies depending on the condition being treated). 

Despite all this, gabapentin itself isn’t dangerous. Overdoses can happen–so can addiction–but it’s not common and even when it does, it’s rarely deadly. Instead, gabapentin’s dangerous potential lies with its function as an adjuvant, a drug that can enhance the effects of other drugs. This discovery is one that has eluded regulation agencies but was soon discovered by gabapentin abusers. People are intentionally mixing gabapentin with illicit substances such as opioids to get more intense and longer-lasting highs. The result of which puts an even greater physical strain on the body and can increase the likelihood of addiction or overdosing on the other substances.


Getting Help for Polydrug Abuse

What gabapentin is meant to be used for and how it’s actually used are two very different realities. While it has little potential to cause harm on its own, when combined with other drugs of both the legal or illegal variety, the resulting drug interactions can quickly become dangerous. If you or someone you know takes gabapentin and frequently does it in close correlation with drinking alcohol or doing other drugs, they are at an extremely high risk of rocketing themselves towards the most drastic consequences of drug use. Contact an addiction specialist today to learn more. 




Is Addiction A Disease?

Is addiction a disease? According to the definitions used by most medical associations, yes, and a chronic one at that. However, medical lexicon is surprisingly fluid–and remarkably biased–making addiction’s classification such a challenging endeavor. This article breaks down the terminology, how those terms have evolved, and how these concepts fit with one another in the disease model of addiction. 


What Is A Disease?

Disease is a broad term that can include disorders, syndromes, infections, and disabilities. According to the Oxford dictionary, it is defined as A disorder of structure or function in a human, animal, or plant, especially one that produces specific signs or symptoms or that affects a specific location and is not simply a direct result of physical injury.” 

The formal definition of which can and has changed many times before. In fact, even the current dictionary definition varies depending on which source you use. Why does this matter? These differences highlight a crucial flaw in trying to compartmentalize the multi-faceted beast that is addiction: that health, wellness, illness, and disease are all subjective. 


The Trouble with Defining Disease

Our ability to classify, categorize, and define anything is limited to the lens of human perception–not even the sciences are immune from it. Even medical terminology is influenced by societal norms, moral values, political ideologies, and the limitation on the knowledge available at the time. Whether we realize it or not, these biases color our perception, including those towards drug abuse and addiction. 

The concept of “disease,” and by extension, “health”, is just as susceptible to changes as tastes in fashion or food preferences are. Take for example osteoporosis, a degenerative bone disease. Prior to 1994, the World Health Organization thought this to be an unavoidable part of growing older. Now, it’s considered a deviation from health, an abnormality, with distinct causes. As our understanding of our bodies and minds change, so will our definitions. 


Making A Case: The Disease Model of Addiction

However, technical definitions are not the only things that can determine whether addiction is a disease or not. Shifts in approach and thinking are regarded as case models and can influence how a condition is viewed by society, how it’s treated, and of course, how it’s labeled. In the case of drug abuse and addiction, several have been developed over the course of history. 


A Brief History of Models Towards Drug Use & Addiction

In the 18th and 19th centuries, there was the moral model. Addiction was seen as a sin, a moral weakness caused by faulty character. Instead of treatment, actions were punitive and individuals were met with a considerable social stigma. 

The psycho-dynamic model is a theory that originated with Sigmund Freud in the early 20th century. It attributed drug abuse to a lack of coping mechanisms and unconscious motivations. In this, addiction is an attempt to self-regulate and deal with stress. This model is still often incorporated in current addiction therapy and counseling. 

The social learning model introduced the concept that addiction had a behavioral component as much as a chemical one. It distinguished between dependence and compulsion and recognized that addiction can be a sliding scale of severity. 


What Is the Disease Model of Addiction?

The disease model of addiction argues that the cause or “origin” of addiction is internal to the individual and, being a disease, cannot be controlled. It likens addiction to that of heart disease, diabetes, and even cancer. Like these debilitating and chronic conditions, addiction can cause a host of issues that prevent the body from functioning as normal. Additionally, genes can play a role and cause someone to be predisposed to developing the condition, even if it’s not present at birth. 

This model was adopted by Alcoholics Anonymous and was highly influential in how this organization approached alcoholism. The 12-Step model is widely known as countless other organizations modeled themselves after this approach. This is one of the main reasons why the disease model of addiction is still one of the main models used.


Shortcomings of the Disease Model

One of the main arguments against the disease model is that it removes the individual from having to take responsibility for their actions. Although research has shown that there can be a genetic, and even a hereditary, component to substance abuse and addiction, it still does not account for this condition in its entirety. One critic points out that most addicted individuals quit their addiction at some point, something that is not possible with that of heart disease, diabetes, or cancer. 

The lack of agency that the disease model purports doesn’t just lack scientific evidence, but this attitude can actually be harmful in itself. This view is comparatively fatalistic, implying that addiction cannot be controlled; it is inherent and can only be managed through complete abstinence (a key component of the AA approach).  


Addiction Is A Disease, Not An Excuse

Trying to pin down whether addiction is a disease is helpful in the scope of public health, where such labeling can positively influence legislation, healthcare benefits, and social acceptance. In terms of the individual, it can influence how someone might view their condition. Gene Heyman perhaps said it best, that addiction is a “disorder of choice.

It’s without question that addiction can be difficult to manage once it has onset. However, individuals do have a choice of how they face it. Even chronic diseases like diabetes can have actions taken to make them more manageable. Even if efforts don’t completely cure the disease, they can go a long way towards giving the individual a better quality of life. Remember, no matter how addiction is labeled, you always have a choice. 

If you’re ready to choose a better life that’s addiction-free, you can make the first step by contacting an addiction treatment facility today.




How to Heal Veins From IV Drug Use

Veins are a vast and intricate network of blood vessels located throughout every inch of the body. They are tasked with the crucial role of ensuring your organs and skin receive oxygenated blood. Despite how important they are to the cardiovascular system and overall health, veins are quite fragile and easily prone to damage and disease. Vein damage caused by needles can be reversed—but not always. Precisely how to heal veins from IV drug use will largely depend on the type and extent of the damage inflicted.


Can veins heal naturally? 

To a certain degree, yes: veins can somewhat repair themselves on their own. However, it’s not a guarantee that they will be able to do so. The numerous complications of IV drug use can render self-repair impossible. Even in the instances that veins are able to heal, the odds are that the damaged vein will never regain full functionality. 


How to heal veins from IV drug use

In most cases, your body will simply make new veins through a process called angiogenesis, rather than trying to heal the old damaged ones. There are certain actions one can take to speed up the recovery process and help damaged veins regain at least some functionality:

  • Wear compression socks or sleeves
  • Stay warm
  • Exercise (can improve overall circulation)
  • Squeeze soft objects (like a stress ball) which can help develop the surrounding muscles and the arteries themselves
  • Take vitamins such as folic acid and flavonoids which specifically aid the blood
  • Vein rotation; alternate which veins are used. This won’t heal the vein itself, but it’s one of the best ways to prevent further (and permanent) damage


Types of IV Drug Use Vein Damage

All types of IV drug use can be extremely damaging to veins and the skin around the injection site, however, some types of damage are worse than others. Prolonged intravenous drug use can quickly result in permanent vein damage with a host of deadly complications. The place where veins were injected (arms, legs, neck, groin, etc.) also plays a role in the severity of potential decay as does the type of drug as well (different drugs have different acidity levels).  


Blown Vein

Also known as a ruptured vein, blown veins are one of the most common injuries caused by intravenous injections. It is caused when a needle inures or irritates the lining of the vein and is not exclusive to IV drug use. When this occurs, blood leaks into the surrounding area and can result in discoloration and bruising near the injection site. Complications that can arise from a blown vein are infiltration and extravasation; the latter of which can be caused by the high acidity of illicit drugs and lead to tissue decay.   


Collapsed Vein

A collapsed vein is when the flow of blood is impeded, caused either by the vein lining collapsing or swelling. This can be caused by a needle being pulled out too quickly, the use of blunt needles, and injecting in non-optimal conditions (in addition to the usual culprits: poor technique and frequent injection use). This type of damage is usually temporary but can be permanent if that vein continues to be used before healing, which can take several weeks. 


Scarred Veins

A consequence of impaired blood flow caused by blown or collapsed veins is that blood clots can form. Aside from being a dangerous condition all on their own, these clots can turn into scar tissue which will result in long-term and potentially permanent blockage. This type of vein damage will not heal on its own and will most likely require a surgical procedure such as a stent or angioplasty in order to restore blood flow. 


How long does it take a vein to heal?

The cardiovascular system is the first organ system developed as an embryo and humans are born with all of the veins they need. Fortunately, the body is remarkably resilient and does have some ability to recover if veins are damaged. Minor vein damage such as a blown vein can usually repair itself in 10-12 days. Major vein regrowth, however, can take months up to several years. 

Unfortunately, IV drug use can cause a number of complications resulting in chronic venous disease which lowers the likelihood of repairability even further. Addiction is often both a cause and exacerbator of such vein issues. The typical IV drug user injects directly into their veins as many as four times a day and is more likely to resort to puncturing the same vein repeatedly until it can no longer be salvaged. While vein rotation is a practical harm reduction method that intravenous drug users can use, addiction can make such restraint impossible. 

The Dangers of Mixing Suboxone and Cocaine

The nature of how Suboxone works means that opioid abusers will find it increasingly difficult to get a high from their habitual substance of choice. This sometimes results in those individuals turning to other drugs which is always a bad idea–no matter the type. So, despite Suboxone being a legal pharmaceutical, many adverse drug interactions can arise when combined with other substances. This article will explore the dangers of simultaneous Suboxone and cocaine use, which is surprisingly interconnected. 


Suboxone and Cocaine: Why It’s Dangerous

Suboxone (or to be more precise, the buprenorphine portion of Suboxone), creates a “ceiling effect” that prevents opioid receptors from experiencing the full effect of an opioid. This limits the euphoric sensation those drugs can generate and is one reason why Suboxone can be so effective in breaking the cycle of addiction. 

This same functionality dampens the effects of cocaine as well. It may sound like a positive but this is precisely where the danger of mixing Suboxone and cocaine lies. The minimized effects often lead to individuals taking much higher doses of cocaine than they would have otherwise. This in turn, greatly increases the likelihood of overdosing and death.


How Often Are Suboxone & Cocaine Combined?

The instances of cocaine being used with Suboxone are surprisingly high. Studies found that cocaine use increased tremendously during treatment programs and over 50% of patients were using while receiving buprenorphine treatment. Patients that hadn’t used cocaine previously had now taken it up.

Another disturbing trend regarding Suboxone and cocaine use is that individuals with an opioid addiction who use cocaine during treatment face much lower odds of success. The reason is not a pharmacological one, however. Instead, this indicates a lack of motivation, which is one of the most powerful predictors of successful treatment more. Motivation actually plays an even greater role in recovery than socioeconomic status, demographics, the type of drugs used, family situation, etc. 


What causes patients in rehab to turn to other illicit drugs? 

There are several potential reasons. One is simply a lack of understanding of the nature of addiction. Patients feel that their drug abuse issue only extends to one particular substance; that it’s just one type of drug that they cannot control their compulsions to use. However, countless studies have shown that individuals who struggle with any form of drug addiction have a much higher likelihood of becoming addicted to other types of drugs. They mistakenly believe that they can safely trade one type of drug for another. 

Further, several studies have found that cocaine use, in particular, is strongly influenced by whether or not the individual is undergoing withdrawal. Individuals use a different drug to distract from the discomfort of the substance that’s currently in their system. This short-sighted behavior continues the cycle of debilitating behavior and in many cases, can worsen the withdrawal side effects. 

Another potential reason is that rehab causes them to lose their primary coping mechanism. Stressors can have them scrambling to find anything that can numb the negative emotions they are feeling at the time. This behavior could be linked to depression or some other underlying mental health issue. In such cases, dual diagnosis treatment would be ideal to help address both those and the behavioral issues related to addiction. 


How To Minimize The Temptation

One of the quickest ways to bring out potentially lethal aspects of a drug is to combine it with other drugs, legal or otherwise. Even though Suboxone is a prescription medication, taking it with narcotics like cocaine, physician-prescribed medications, or even legal drugs like alcohol, caffeine, and nicotine can be deadly. No matter the type, doing multiple drugs at once is always, always, a bad idea. It can seriously impede on the effectiveness of your addiction treatment, and in worst cases, it can put you in deadly situations.

In the lifelong journey that is recovery, the risk of relapsing or using other drugs will always be present. One way to minimize the temptation to do so is by enrolling in a residential treatment program (also known as intensive addiction treatment). This type of setting provides a controlled environment that would make it difficult to acquire or use other drugs while in rehab and allows you to focus solely on recovery. 

Is A Gabapentin Overdose Possible?

As is the case with virtually any type of drug, yes, a gabapentin overdose is possible. What makes this possibility so shocking, however, is that since its creation in the 1980s, gabapentin was widely believed to be relatively harmless with no danger of misuse. Now, this anti-seizure medication has begun to draw national attention as alarming new trends show rising instances of abuse and directly-related fatalities.


Gabapentin: Not So Harmless After All

Gabapentin is one of the most widely prescribed medications in the United States. Its versatile nature has led it to be used for everything from an antiepileptic to a painkiller. But how did the potential dangers of gabapentin fly under the radar for so long? The majority of which is due to its reputation for being a “safe” drug. Gabapentin is not a controlled substance, nor is it included in the DEA’s drug scheduling classification. Its mechanism of use leaves little likelihood of it being addictive and it does not produce any meaningful sort of high (much less any feelings of euphoria). 

This has caused its harm potential to be underestimated by the medical community for decades, which in turn, caused it to be underestimated by regulating agencies. That’s why up until recently, all indicators suggested that gabapentin was harmless. It’s not until the widespread proliferation of this medication that gabapentin’s darker side has come to light. 

Gabapentin is an adjuvant, a drug that boosts the effects of other drugs. So while yes, relatively harmless on its own, when taken in conjunction with other drugs it can increase the intensity and duration of those highs as well as the likelihood of a lethal overdose. This functionality has made gabapentin a popular target for abuse, but also significantly contributes to the risk that legitimate, prescribed users may experience an adverse reaction such as overdose when taking this medication.


How Much Gabapentin is Too Much?

Because gabapentin’s reputation is only recently being scrutinized, concrete guidelines as to how much gabapentin is too much, have yet to be determined. The maximum dosage is largely based on the nature of the medical condition it’s used to treat and a person’s age. The medical community has also failed to keep up with recreational gabapentin abuse to determine whether lack of a medical need increases or lowers the possibility of toxic buildup from this drug.


Unlike highly-addictive opioid analgesics, gabapentin has little risk of resulting in adverse effects when taken as prescribed. The typical gabapentin dosage is 300 mg, with a daily maximum ranging from 100 mg to 3,600 mg (may vary depending on the condition it is treating). This medication performs best when it’s kept at a constant level in the body. For this reason, it’s very important to monitor the timing when it’s taken and is typically recommended to be done every 8 or 12 hours. 



Gabapentin has a moderate half-life ranging from 5-7 hours. Since it takes at least five half-lives to be eliminated from your system, it can take 2 days or longer to clear from your body. While this is fairly low compared to other drugs, the nature of how this medication is typically prescribed (to be taken multiple times a day) means that prescribed users will always have a certain amount of gabapentin in their body at all times. Taking other medications (or illicit drugs) significantly increases their likelihood of experiencing negative reactions.



The majority of gabapentin fatalities are caused by it being used in conjunction with another drug. However, that’s not to say this drug doesn’t have the potential to be dangerous on its own. In cases where gabapentin was the direct cause of death, blood concentrations of this medication ranged from 1.1 to 134 mg/L. The FDA has reported gabapentin overdoses of individuals who ingested 49 grams of the medication. Unfortunately, there have only been a handful of studies surrounding gabapentin toxicity so the exact amount of gabapentin it takes to overdose or cause a fatality has yet to be determined.


Symptoms of Gabapentin Overdose

Gabapentin overdoses are rarely fatal. However, the risk increases tremendously when taken with other central nervous system depressants which can slow bodily functions to dangerous levels. 

  • Double vision
  • Slurred speech
  • Drowsiness
  • Drooping eyelids
  • Diarrhea
  • Loss of coordination or collapsing
  • Lethargy
  • Seizure
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Coma


Overdose Treatment

Unfortunately, there is no known medication to reverse the effects of a gabapentin overdose. While some of the side effects can be mild, oxygen deprivation and seizures can be deadly and cause irreversible damage. The best way to prevent an overdose, however, is to curb abuse – of either this medication or of another drug – in the first place. To minimize the likelihood of experiencing withdrawal effects, consider seeking a detox facility to help monitor the elimination of this drug from your system. If gabapentin has been prescribed, be sure to consult with your doctor first. 

How Long Does Klonopin Stay In Your System

Klonopin is a powerful benzodiazepine used for the treatment of panic disorders and seizures. This classification includes the likes of Xanax and Valium, notorious for their potential to become habit-forming. While Klonopin may not be in the spotlight as often, these powerful benzos can result in addiction, overdose, and withdrawal effects. One major contributor to the development of such adverse effects is the buildup of Klonopin. This begs the question: How long does Klonopin stay in your system? A key component to understanding how long Klonopin stays in the body is understanding the concept of Klonopin’s half-life.

How Long Klonopin Stays In Your System: Klonopin Half-Life

Half-life is a pharmacology term used to describe the amount of time it takes for an amount of a substance in the body to be reduced by 50%. It plays an important role in toxicology and understanding how the effects of a drug might be amplified with continued use. When levels of a drug are too high the individual can develop a tolerance, which significantly increases the likelihood of the development of addiction or overdose.

Klonopin has a long half-life and remains in the system for a considerable amount of time: 30-40 hours. However, it takes about five half-lives before a substance is fully eliminated from the body, which means a single dose of Klonopin can stay in the system for up to a week. Why does this matter? Even if you’re not feeling its effects anymore, Klonopin is still in the body (Klonopin hits its peak between 1 and 4 hours) – and will be for quite some time. Taking this medication slightly more frequently than recommended, or taking larger doses than recommended, can quickly lead to toxic – and potentially dangerous – levels of build-up. 

Factors That Influence Half-Life

The exact amount of time it takes for Klonopin to leave the body can vary depending on a number of factors.

  • Age
  • Dosage
  • Duration of use
  • Frequency of use
  • Liver function
  • Presence of other drugs

Many of these are directly correlated to variables that affect metabolism, of which age is the most significant factor. The presence of other drugs can also play a significant role in metabolism. 

Klonopin Overdose

Klonopin is a benzodiazepine, a class of drugs whose rate of overdose deaths has risen over 500% in the past few decades. The abuse potential of these types of drugs is well-noted, however, Klonopin overdoses are not limited to individuals who intentionally misuse the medication. In many cases, it occurs amongst patients who are taking Klonopin exactly as prescribed – but how is this possible?

Potential Causes of Klonopin Overdose

Klonopin is slower acting but longer-lasting than other popular benzos. Since it takes longer to feel the effects, it can result in users taking more than their recommended Klonopin dosage. Paired with Klonopin’s staying power within the body, you’ve got the perfect storm for accidental overdose. 

Signs & Symptoms

The symptoms of a Klonopin overdose are typical to that of any other benzo overdose:

  • Ataxia (loss of control of body movements)
  • Clammy skin
  • Coma
  • Drowsiness
  • Enlarged pupils
  • Shallow breathing
  • Slurred speech
  • Weak but fast pulse

The severity of these symptoms can vary, depending on many of the same factors that affect their metabolism. They are much more likely to be life-threatening if Klonopin was taken with alcohol, another medication, or an illicit drug. 


Fortunately, there are medications that can be used to reverse the effects of a Klonopin overdose. Flumazenil is a benzodiazepine antagonist that can reverse the sedative effects, even that of a coma. Its effectiveness is primarily limited to use for benzo intoxication compared to other types of drug overdoses. 

Is Klonopin Dangerous?

Klonopin overdose is rarely fatal. However, the majority of fatal overdoses involved other drugs being taken at the same time. If you have a Klonopin addiction or are taking Klonopin while addicted to or abusing other substances, the risk of fatality is significantly higher. Quitting Klonopin cold turkey can be harmful and result in withdrawal effects just as other drugs would, and is never recommended. Instead, users should seek a benzo detox program that can help wean them off a medication (or multiple medications, if needed) to prevent seizures or other complications.  

3 Signs That Someone Is Using Crystal Meths

The descent into crystal meth addiction is swift, dangerous – and far from subtle. Meth is a synthetic drug and one of the most powerful central nervous stimulants out there. The most well-known crystal meth side effects are the severe deterioration of oral and skin health in a matter of only a few short years. These are far from the full extent of the adverse consequences as meth use is accompanied by distinct behavioral side effects as well – although they’re not always as easy to spot. Here are 3 of the most obvious signs that someone is using crystal meths: 


Drastic (Unintentional) Weight Loss

Drugs like methamphetamine interfere with the central nervous system, which plays a role in managing gastrointestinal function as well. This interference affects everything from metabolism to bowel function. Another consequence? Decreased appetite. As a result, meth users often lose a lot of weight very quickly without trying. Before it gets to this point, a glaring red flag is if they’re constantly skipping meals or if they never seem to eat. 


Scabbed, Pockmarked Skin

Constant scratching is a hallmark of meth use. While this behavior alone could serve as proof that someone uses crystal meth, the results of this scratching are also a telling sign. The initial scratching often results in open sores and eventually scabs on their face, arms, torso, and legs. With continued meth use, the user will continue to scratch those scabs, which can lead to permanent scarring and disfigured skin, along with oozing or infected scratch wounds.

Why does meth cause itching? The reason has to do with physiological reactions to the drug, rather than psychological ones. Meth increases both body temperature and blood flow (typical of central nervous center stimulants), which results in excess sweating. This perspiration removes the skin’s protective outer layer of sebaceous oil, the result of which is described as a sensation that bugs are crawling on under the skin known as formication.


Meth Mouth

Severe oral health neglect is another classific sign that someone is using crystal meth. This can look like missing, broken, stained, or blacked teeth. The cause of such a drastic deterioration on one’s smile is not simply because addiction might cause someone to put personal hygiene on the back burner (although that certainly does happen). 

Stimulants like meth interfere with saliva production, a substance that plays a vital role in maintaining oral health. Saliva helps remove leftover food from chewing, aids in digestion, and protects tooth enamel. A lack thereof can cause a chain of reactions that makes your mouth a breeding ground for rot and decay. A study conducted by the American Dental Association had shocking results where 96% of the participants (all meth users), had tooth decay, and over a third of them were missing 6 or more teeth.

There are other ways that meth can mess up your teeth too. Bruxism is the condition of grinding or clenching teeth. When paired with the repercussion of a lack of saliva, this makes teeth and gums even more perceptible to damage. Additionally, drugs like meth are extremely acidic. This is caused by their chemical makeup as well as the harmful additives meth is often laced with such as battery acid or antifreeze. Acid can make quick work of teeth’s protective enamel, stripping your pearly whites of their last line of defense.


Found Signs That Someone Is Using Crystal Meths? Now What?

Crystal meth is incredibly addictive. If someone displays any of the above signs, odds are they have been using it for an extended period of time. This is worrisome because not just because this spiral of drug use often comes at the cost of their education, jobs, or relationships. Using meth has very real consequences on mental and physical health, both of which could significantly shorten one’s lifespan. 

Unfortunately, simply confronting them about their drug use is likely to have little if any results. Crystal meth has a powerful hold on its users due to its high potency and the addiction can be virtually impossible to break without outside help. The first step is to undergo methamphetamine detox. Rehab facilities like ours can assist in this process, providing medical intervention and round-the-clock care to mitigate withdrawal effects. Next is to enroll in treatment. Trained staff can help sever the psychological addiction and help users get their lives back on track. 

Heroin & Teeth | How Drugs Affect Your Teeth

The dangerous effects of heroin are nothing to smile about—in fact, heroin might leave you without a smile at all. Meth is notorious for causing dental issues (commonly referred to as “meth mouth”), but most people don’t realize that there are other drugs that can also seriously affect oral health. Drugs such as heroin, cause bodily reactions that both, directly and indirectly, cause serious gum and tooth damage. Learn more about heroin & teeth and 

Reduces Saliva Production

Dry mouth is a common side effect of drug use that’s caused by a lack of saliva. This clear, viscous substance plays a crucial role in maintaining a healthy mouth as well as proper digestion. Saliva enables us to taste, chew, and swallow; it provides protein and minerals to protect tooth enamel and gums; and it has important bacteria that break down food, preventing bad breath and cavities.

Having too little saliva makes individuals far more prone to tooth decay and gum disease. So while feeling a bit parched may seem fairly innocuous, the cause of this condition is quite alarming. It serves so many important functions that not only impact oral health but overall well-being. If left untreated, low saliva production can quickly go from an unpleasant sensation to something much more serious. 

Cause Clenching of the Jaw

Stimulants are prone to cause users to clench or grind their teeth, a condition called bruxism. This condition has been linked to the central nervous system, a body functionality that is heavily impacted by heroin use. 

Grinding or clenching of the jaw is uncomfortable at best and damaging at its worst. It can lead to weakened teeth or broken teeth, as well as lasting jaw and facial pain. The repeated stress on the teeth can also cause enamel to wear much more quickly, which can expedite tooth decay as well as unattractive physical damages such as chips, fractures, or even loose teeth.

Destroys Tooth Enamel

Heroin is acidic by its pharmacological nature, which can cause vomiting and acid reflux. Both of these physiological functions cause stomach acid to enter the mouth which can deteriorate teeth’s protective enamel. This thin, translucent coating is like a winter coat for each individual tooth. It protects teeth from daily use and insulates them from temperature changes and chemicals. 

Enamel is not regenerative and once it’s gone, it’s gone for good. Without this protective layer, our teeth become sensitive to hot and cold foods, easily stained, and more susceptible to bacteria and infection. 

Numbs Tooth Pain

Having painkiller properties, heroin and other opioids can contribute to an unhealthy smile by causing you to ignore tooth and gum pain. These are often the first warning signs of serious dental problems like a cavity, infection, abscess, or gum disease. The ramifications of ignoring such serious oral health concerns can quickly result in the discoloration and outright loss of teeth.


The health of your teeth may not be something you think of when you consider the consequences of using heroin, but you should. The extent of the damage can be severe, going much deeper than the mere roots of your teeth, and can be a very costly mistake. Drug use often impacts us in ways we don’t anticipate and waiting until an overdose has occurred to do something about it could put your smile in jeopardy.

What Are the Physical Signs of Heroin Addiction?

Heroin addiction isn’t pretty – and not just because of the shockingly high mortality rate (heroin accounted for 25% of all drug overdose fatalities in 2016). This illegal street drug takes a tremendous toll on the body, affecting everything from your ability to speak to the beating of your heart. In this article, we’ll explore the physical signs of heroin addiction that can alert others to the addict’s substance abuse problem.

Nodding Out

One of the most telling signs of heroin abuse. Heroin leaves users sedated hours after initial use and causes them to slip in and out of consciousness. It would appear that the heroin addict is constantly falling asleep. During their periods that they are awake, they will have difficulty focusing and are likely to be incoherent.

Track Marks

This slang term refers to the physical marks on the skin that are caused by heroin injection. These look like areas of discoloration, scars, or puncture wounds and are caused when the skin at the injection site doesn’t have time to heal. Their presence can also be caused by the use of dull or dirty needles, infection, or vein damage. Track marks are most commonly found on arms, legs, hands, and feet but can be anywhere on the body. 

Small Pupils (Miosis)

Also referred to as pinpoint pupils, heroin use can cause the pupils to constrict excessively, becoming two millimeters or smaller in diameter. On a normal person, this occurs when someone’s eye is exposed to bright light or if they’re trying to focus on an object that’s far away. In the case of a heroin user, heroin interferes with the function of the parasympathetic nervous system which regulates pupil size.

Tooth Pain/Bad Teeth

Dry mouth is a common side effect of narcotic drug use and is a result of impaired saliva production. However, the effects go far beyond oral discomfort. Saliva is an important part of maintaining oral health, the lack of which makes heroin users prone to developing gum disease. Other dental side effects can include rotten, discolored teeth, an increased number of cavities, and tooth decay.

Slow Breathing

Heroin is an opioid, a class of drugs that are also known to be central nervous system depressants. One of the bodily functions regulated by this system is that of breathing. Because heroin is so powerful, it can cause a notable decrease in breathing rate or in some cases, stopped altogether. The latter physical symptom is commonly associated with heroin overdoses and requires emergency medical attention.

Severe Itching

One physical side effect that most drug uses fail to anticipate is that of extreme itchiness. Heroin can cause the release of histamines, a compound that the body produces in the face of allergic reactions and irritates the skin. If you’ve ever experienced one, you know that they can leave you rashy and with an overwhelming sensation to scratch yourself. Additionally, heroin is known to result in dry skin which can also lead to an itchy sensation.


The gastrointestinal tract is another bodily function that falls under the jurisdiction of the central nervous system. When under the depressing effects of an opioid, digestion can be drastically disrupted which can result in feelings of nausea and vomiting. 


An extension of the effect of a disrupted gastrointestinal function is constipation. The effects of which are much more noticeable in chronic heroin users. Heroin not only interferes with how quickly food is broken down but also affects the speed at which food moves through the digestive system, namely through intestinal contractions. Once food has been processed and is ready to be excreted as waste, heroin’s depressant effects can prevent the sphincter from operating properly, making it difficult to eliminate waste as normal.

Persistent hacking cough

Heroin smokers are more prone to developing this side effect. Smoking (any substance) can cause or aggravate a number of respiratory problems. In the case of heroin, the dangers are amplified since opioids make it difficult to breathe or can prevent air from entering the lungs. 

Seeing the Signs of Heroin Addiction Can Be Tricky

The more moderate physical signs of heroin addiction aren’t difficult to detect but their ordinariness makes them deceptive. Individually, these symptoms can seem harmless, dismissed as a side effect of some other health condition. However, when these occur with the typical behaviors of an addict, heroin addiction can be much easier to detect. 

Heroin & The Senses: What Heroin Looks, Feels, Smells, and Tastes Like

Heroin is a notorious psychoactive drug known for bringing users to euphoric highs and miserable lows. It can be produced cheaply and quickly, which has led to heroin’s proliferation in cities, rural areas, and of people of all ages and socioeconomic standings resulting in the ongoing opioid epidemic. Having no medical use, heroin is an illicit opioid that has become a widespread issue of epidemic proportions. Learn more about how heroin affects the sense and how to recognize the harmful substance. 

What Does Heroin Look Like?

Heroin can appear in several forms: a fine powder, a tacky paste, and as a liquid. These variations in heroin’s physical state are caused by differences in production methods. 

Powdered heroin, the most commonly used form, can be found in various shades of whites, pinks, and browns. This color variation is indicative of the level of refinement: the lighter the color, the purer and more potent the drug. Its physical appearance can further be altered depending on the types of additives or fillers used to dilute it. 

Black tar heroin is the crudest form of heroin, it has the most chemical additives as well as the lowest potency. It resembles a small lump of coal that, despite the name, can be black or brown in color. Black tar is one of the most water-soluble forms of heroin and is most often used in liquid form. Once it’s melted down it is either injected with a needle or taken via inhalation in a method called foil smoking.   

What Does Heroin Smell Like?

In its purest form, heroin is rather odorless. By the time it hits the streets, however, heroin has often been diluted or otherwise manipulated which can cause heroin to acquire an odor. In most cases, heroin is reported to have a pungent, sharp acidic smell like that of vinegar. Lower grades of heroin that are less pure or have undergone greater chemical processing tend to smell the most strongly.

Black tar heroin, the least refined form of heroin that also has the most additives, is reported to have the strongest vinegar-like odor. It has also been described as having an acrid, burnt smell. Powdered heroin that has been cut with additives has been reported to smell like cat urine, cat litter, and a general odor of chemicals in addition to vinegar.

What Does Heroin Taste Like?

Heroin is described as having a general bitter taste. In most cases, any taste heroin might have is caused by the chemicals that were either the production process or as post-production additives to cut the substance. Powdered heroin has the greatest variance in taste due to the wide variety of substances that are used to cut it. Sometimes the substances are benign like sugar, baking soda, flour, or powdered milk. In some cases, heroin is cut with toxic chemicals like rat poison or powdered laundry detergent. For this reason, heroin can vary in taste to be sweet, bitter, or acidic. 

What Does Heroin Feel Like?

The feeling of a heroin high is often described as a sudden wave of pleasure or euphoria that washes over the body. The sensation is intense but fleeting and rarely lasts longer than a few minutes. Other side effects include feelings of artificial warmth as well as pain relief which make heroin particularly sought after by those in rough and unsafe living situations. After the initial onset of a heroin high, users are left in a semi-conscious state that can last for hours. 

But heroin use is not with its risks. Being an opioid, heroin can have a powerful depressant effect on the central nervous system making it difficult to breathe, inducing nausea and vomiting, and causing dizziness. 

A Little Heroin is a Big Risk

Heroin can have drastic and long-lasting effects. Using it just once could result in addiction, and lead to a dangerous spiral of impaired brain function that affects your ability to breathe, sleep, digest food properly, and control your emotions. Heroin withdrawal symptoms aren’t any prettier. Once physical dependence has been established, heroin users face the risk of experiencing seizures, difficulty breathing, and in the most severe instances, a coma. 

What Are the Signs of Opioid Addiction?

It can be difficult to identify the signs of opioid addiction if you don’t know what to look for. Addiction, especially in its early stages, isn’t always like what you see on television with dramatic standoffs and dangerous criminals. Sometimes it can be deceptively subtle. The individual indicators of opioid addiction might seem harmless in isolation and passed off as some other health condition. Learning how to recognize this kind of substance abuse order can save someone’s life.

Common Signs of Opioid Addiction

Opioids are a class of drugs that have widespread consequences on both the brain and the body. There are large amounts of opioid receptors on the spine which allows opioids to have a direct impact on the central nervous system. As such, many of the physical signs of opioid addiction will involve body functions that the central nervous system regulates. These functions include cardiac and respiratory systems. The most commons signs of opioid use disorder and addiction are as follows:

  • Chronic constipation
  • Small pupils
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Reduced sex drive
  • Increased pain sensitivity
  • Shallow breathing
  • Slurred speech
  • Mood swings
  • Insomnia
  • Depression or anxiety

There is no set time frame of how long it takes to become physically or psychologically dependent on opioids. However, there are a number of factors that can cause certain individuals to be more likely to develop an addiction than others. Those with the highest chances are those with a psychological disorder and those who have experienced substance abuse in the past. Being middle-aged or older is also a factor that can make addiction more likely.

Why Are Opioids So Addictive?

Both licit and illicit types of opioids carry a high risk of being habit-forming. Opioids mimic endorphins, a neurotransmitter responsible for feelings of pain and pleasure, but are far more powerful than the version that our bodies create naturally. When opioids interact with an endorphin receptor (mu-receptors), they cause heightened levels of endorphin activity which can result in a powerful high. This sensation is often described as a wave of euphoria that is followed by an artificial feeling of calm and relaxation. 

The Hidden Dangers of Prescription Painkillers

Prescription painkillers, in particular, have a unique risk that has little to do with how powerful they can be. Opioid analgesics are renowned in medical communities for their effectiveness in pain management and are often prescribed to help deal with chronic pain. These types of painkillers can be prescribed for weeks or even months at a time. The chance of causing physical dependence is highly likely with these extra-long periods of use—even when patients closely follow recommended dosage instructions.

Next Steps: Treating Opioid Addiction

Opioid addiction can be closer than you might think. Being able to identify the signs of opioid addiction and can quite literally save someone’s life. However, recognizing the signs is only the first step. Your next action should be to seek treatment. With opioids leading the reports of accidental death, it’s too risky to ignore.

Naloxone, buprenorphine, and naltrexone are a few of the medications out there that can help mitigate the harmful effects of opioid use disorder. Many of them require a prescription making it very important to seek professional medical treatment as soon as addiction is detected. A combination of medically assisted treatment (MAT) combined with therapy gives opioid addicts the highest chances of successful recovery. 

In the instance of an opioid overdose, call emergency services immediately. One of the main side effects is respiratory arrest, this can result in permanent brain damage, coma, and death. 

How Long Do Opioids Stay In Your System?

Opioids are a broad classification of drugs that encompasses a wide variety of both licit and illicit substances. There are dozens of different types of opioids and opioid-derivatives and just as they vary in their purpose, so does the duration of how long they stay in the body. Just because you may no longer feel the effects of a drug doesn’t mean that it’s out of your system. Whether you use opioids to manage pain or to help with opioid withdrawal systems, understanding how long opioids stay in your system is crucial to doing so safely

Types of Opioid Durations

Opioids are generally categorized into three timespans: long-acting, short-acting, and ultra-short-acting (which is also known as ‘rapid onset’). The difference between the durations is quite intentional: some opioids are meant to last a long time, others are not. Medical professionals will determine which opioid they prescribe based on the type of pain and the circumstances of it. 

An opioid’s duration in the body however is not indicative of its strength. The shortest lasting opioid does not inherently mean it is weak, the longest acting doesn’t inherently make it the most potent. The unique combination of opioid duration and strength is very deliberately synthesized depending on the specific medical need. Below are a few examples of the different opioid duration classifications along with the opioids that fall into each category.

Long-Acting Opioids

  • Oxycodone
  • Levorphanol
  • Hydrocodone
  • Buprenorphine

Short-Acting Opioids

  • Codeine
  • Methadone
  • Morphine
  • Hydrocodone
  • Tramadol 
  • Oxymorphone
  • Propoxyphene

Ultra Short-Acting Opioids (Fentanyl, Remifentanil)

What is Drug Half-Life? Why Some Opioids Last Longer Than Others

Half-life is a pharmacology term at the core of determining how long an opioid – or any sort of drug for that matter – takes to leave the system. As its name implies, it refers to the amount of time it takes for half of the total amount of substance to be eliminated from the body. Medically, it’s most practical use is to help prevent drug toxicity, and is used in doctor prescribing practices in determining dosing schedules (how frequently you are to take a medication).

So here’s how it works: The half-life of opioids can range between 36 hours and a little over half an hour. This time period is determined by pharmacokinetic reactions and is only somewhat influenced by physiological or circumstantial factors of the individual. It typically takes 4 or 5 half-lives for a drug to be completely eliminated from the system, however, this is only if no more of the substance has been entered into the body. 

Factors that affect how long opioids stay in your system

The factors that affect how long opioids stay in the system primarily fall into two categories: drug-related and physiological. An opioid’s half-life will be most strongly influenced by the drug’s purpose and potency, but can also be influenced by other factors to a certain degree. Other factors like one’s age, ethnicity, weight, etc. have a lesser effect but are still significant enough to be taken into account.

Drug-Related Factors

  • Type of opioid
  • Dosage
  • Tolerance/Level of use
  • Method of administration
  • Presence of other drugs in the body
  • Previous drug addiction

Physiological Factors

  • Age
  • Gender
  • Weight
  • Metabolism
  • Body mass
  • Body fat
  • Liver and kidney healthy

Why It Matters

One of the biggest causes of adverse opioid side effects is when other substances are added to the mix. These substances can be alcohol, illegal narcotics, prescription medications, or something as simple as a glass of grapefruit juice.

Accidental overdoses – another very real concern – is something that knowing how opioids are processed and broken down in the body can help prevent. From 2019 to 2010, the rate of opioid-related overdoses increased by nearly 40%, resulting in tens of thousands of deaths each year. Talk to your doctor about how long opioids stay in your system and what drug interactions to consider to avoid adverse effects.



How long does it take to get addicted to cocaine?

To answer the most pressing question on everyone’s mind: yes, cocaine is very addictive and can lead to addiction even after just one try. Though instances of such are far less common compared to drugs like fentanyl or heroin, cocaine still carries a significant risk of causing addiction. As for the specific timeframe of how long it takes to get addicted to cocaine? It can vary, depending on a number of factors, some of which are uncontrollable like genetics, stress, and age. Those aside, there are a few factors that cocaine users do have control over and can determine how quickly cocaine addiction happens. 

Cocaine’s Short Half-Life

A cocaine high is easy come, easy go – and often leads to a cycle of constantly chasing that high. The psychoactive effects of cocaine occur quickly upon entering the body, happening in as little as a few minutes. Users feel a rush of pleasure, confidence, and energy as their bodies are flooded with dopamine – but it doesn’t last long. Because cocaine has a short half-life, those good feelings from cocaine typically end after 30 minutes or as quickly as 5 depending on the user’s tolerance. This usually causes a dangerous pattern of bingeing and crashing which can easily turn into compulsive abuse. In addition to an increased frequency of use, the dosage tends to increase as well, exponentially increasing the risk of developing a cocaine addiction. 

Method of Use

The way cocaine is taken – snorting, smoking, oral ingestion, or injection – can determine how long it takes to get addicted. While all of the ways of using cocaine carry inherent risk, intravenous injection significantly increases the odds that addiction will occur. The injection method puts large amounts of the drug directly into the bloodstream where it is almost instantly absorbed. Not only does this bypass the normal filtration cocaine would otherwise go through if it were to pass through the lungs or the liver should it be taken by other means, but it also heightens the intensity of cocaine’s effect. Increased levels of dopamine disruption equals a greater likelihood of addiction. 

Pre-Existing Mental Illness

Mental health disorders are closely tied to instances of substance abuse and addiction. Depression, anxiety,  One can cause the other or exacerbate the symptoms of the other condition. Regardless of which came first, when drugs are combined with an already-present neurochemical imbalance, it can result in a higher proclivity for both physical and psychological dependence. It also adds a level of complexity to treating addiction and many rehabilitation facilities have realized the necessity for a specialized approach. Dual diagnosis treatment is the best suited for co-occurring mental health and substance abuse disorders.

Treating Cocaine Addiction 

There are currently no medications for treating cocaine addiction or to use during instances of an overdose (source). However, medical detox can help manage the unpleasant symptoms of withdrawal or provide life-saving interference in the case of a cocaine overdose. When it comes to long-term recovery, most treatment for cocaine abuse involves behavioral modification such as contingency management and cognitive-behavioral therapy. No matter if you are a long-time addict or in the beginning stages of dependency, treating cocaine addiction is complex and multifaceted and is best handled at a specialized facility with experienced staff. Additionally, being able to identify the signs that someone is sniffing cocaine means being able to get your loved one help sooner rather than later. 


What Does Cocaine Do To Your Body?

Within a few seconds after taking cocaine, the pupils will enlarge, body temperature will increase as heart rate and blood pressure begin to speed up and constrict. Soon afterward is a rush of energy, alertness, and euphoria that quickly wears off and leaves you wanting more. This cycle of bingeing cocaine is common in recreational users. Unfortunately, the physiological repercussions of constantly putting the body in such a state of distress are widespread and drastic. Read on to learn the extent of what does cocaine does to your body.  

How Cocaine Affects the Brain

The three-pound control center of the human body, cocaine does quite a number on your most important organ. It disrupts several important neurochemicals (dopamine, serotonin, GABA, norepinephrine, and glutamate) which could result in permanent motivation, memory, decision-making impairment. 

One of the ways the cocaine works is by blocking certain receptors, one of which causes a buildup of dopamine. This is the cause of the sensations of euphoria, but it comes at a steep long-term cost. This dopamine surplus can also have a significant impact on mood regulation and lead to depression, anxiety, paranoia, and aggression.

The destruction of neuron receptors can also cause users to experience symptoms similar to that of Parkinson’s disease such as tremors, seizures, and brain hemorrhages.

How Cocaine Affects the Nose

Snorting is one of the most common methods of using cocaine, and it is not one without consequence. The initial effects are that of the blood vessels. Cocaine causes these to constrict which lowers blood flow and can lead to permanent damage. Repeated snorting irritates the thin membranous tissue in the airways which can result in inflammation, infection, disruption of blood flow, decay, and eventually tearing. Naturally, the loss of smell (anosmia) is also quite prevalent. Physical deformity caused by these substances is sometimes referred to as “cocaine nose”.

How Cocaine Affects the Heart

Have you ever felt your heart pounding in your chest after being really scared or agitated? Imagine the toll it would take if your heart pounded like that for nearly half an hour. Yes, some of the most dangerous effects of cocaine are the ones it has on the cardiovascular system. This is also why chest pain is one of the most common complaints of cocaine users. 

Cocaine blocks the reuptake of norepinephrine, an important neurotransmitter, chemical, and hormone that works closely with the sympathetic nervous system, a.k.a. our fight-or-flight mode. The increased levels of norepinephrine keep the body in an extended state of excitement which forces the heart to work harder. Heart rate increases, blood pressure increases while oxygen and blood flow to the heart are restricted. It’s a dangerous recipe that can result in a myriad of cardiovascular issues such as:

  • Aortic dissection
  • Atherosclerosis 
  • Coronary artery aneurysm
  • Myocarditis
  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Myocardial infarction
  • Arrhythmias 
  • Tachycardia
  • Stroke
  • Heart failure

How Cocaine Affects Gastrointestinal Systems

Gastrointestinal distress is a less common side effect of cocaine, but when it occurs, can quickly become life-threatening. Bowel decay is one of the most serious of these and is caused by a lack of blood flow to the intestines. It is most commonly associated with oral use of cocaine. Closely related is intestinal perforation (damage to the bowel wall) that can lead to the contents of your intestines to spill into your abdomen which can cause peritonitis and eventually, sepsis. Nausea and vomiting can be an indication that such an infection has occurred. Other GI issues that can occur are:

  • Stomach ulcers
  • Abdominal cramps
  • Abdominal bleeding
  • A decrease in appetite (often paired with sudden weight loss)
  • Change in metabolism 

Healing the Damages Cocaine Does To Your Body

Cocaine use affects nearly every major organ group with a focus on the central nervous system. In addition to wreaking havoc on specific parts of your body, cocaine can also lead to a domino effect of complex and compound health complications. Depending on the severity of cocaine usage, some of the damage may be reversible. However, this healing can only occur once you have detoxed and all remnants of cocaine are out of your system. If you are concerned about going through cocaine withdrawal alone, we can guide you through the process and determine the best method of treatment for you. 

The Dangers of Fentanyl and Alcohol

What is Fentanyl and How Is It Used?

Fentanyl is a powerful synthetic opioid with a dangerous reputation. It can be 100 times stronger than morphine, and 50 times stronger than heroin. This increased potency means a greater likelihood of causing life-threatening opioid side effects or a fatal overdose. These already significant risks are amplified even further when fentanyl and alcohol are combined. Even in small doses, the combination can be quite the lethal duo.

Forms of Fentanyl:

  • Lozenge
  • Pill
  • Patch
  • Injectable solution
  • Powder 
  • Blotter paper 
  • Eye droppers 
  • Nasal sprays 

Fentanyl is classified as a Schedule II substance. This means that it has a high potential for abuse and can result in severe physical or psychological dependence. Other drugs in this classification include cocaine, methamphetamine, and oxycodone. This classification might come as a surprise seeing as how fentanyl is far more powerful than heroin, which is classified as a Schedule I, the highest tier. The reason for this is that fentanyl does have prescribed uses whereas heroin does not and is purely illicit. 

The Dangers of Fentanyl

Synthetic opioids are one of the leading causes of drug overdose deaths in the United States. Fentanyl leads those numbers and in 2017 resulted in nearly 30,000 overdose fatalities. Over half of all opioid-related deaths that year involved fentanyl. 

Unlike with other types of opioid abuse that are driven by misuse of a prescription (typically by a non-prescribed individual), the majority of illicit fentanyl usage is supplied by illegal manufacturing of the substance by clandestine laboratories.  

Although fentanyl operates as your typical opioid would, the higher potency means that the neurological reactions are much stronger, the effects on the body are more drastic, and the likelihood of addiction far greater. As little as a 2-milligram dose can be lethal (picture for scale). Fentanyl comes in a variety of forms and its versatility of consumption is a significant factor in why this dangerous substance is so widespread.

How Fentanyl Affects the Body

Fentanyl is fast-acting and works like your typical opioid. It is a mu-opioid receptor antagonist that controls pain and emotions. Once it has activated receptors, dopamine levels increase which blocks sensations of pain and sometimes results in feelings of euphoria. Fentanyl also acts as a depressant on central nervous system functions which can slow down breathing and digestion. One surprising difference between fentanyl and other opioids is that fentanyl does not seem to have the same cardiovascular effects that most other opioids do. The most common fentanyl side effects include:

  • Confusion
  • Constipation
  • Drowsiness
  • Euphoria
  • Hypoxia
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Nausea/Vomiting
  • Slowed or difficulty breathing
  • Sweating

Fentanyl and Alcohol: Making a Bad Situation Worse

Both fentanyl and alcohol are depressants. They both cause cognitive impairment and disruption to central nervous system functions but do so in different ways. The primary danger of using both substances together is where those side effects overlap: respiratory depression.

On its own, fentanyl can slow breathing to a dangerous rate and initiate a potentially-fatal chain of events. Slowed breathing means less oxygen intake, and this oxygen shortage leads to brain hypoxia which often results in a comatose state. From there, things can quickly get worse. The best-case scenario of the individual waking up from a coma could still result in permanent brain damage from the lack of oxygen. The worst? Death. 

In addition to brain hypoxia, the rise of carbon dioxide levels (caused by the lack of oxygen’s presence) can trigger hyperglycemia. Both of these conditions eventually lead to a change in the brain’s temperature and slow metabolic brain activity

Treating Polydrug Use and Abuse

Using alcohol with any sort of medication is generally a bad idea, and opioids even more so. Polysubstance abuse brings out the worst of each other and can often result in entirely new sets of less than desirable side effects. In circumstances of polysubstance abuse, treatment can be particularly difficult trying to extricate one symptom or trigger from another. Our experienced staff are well-versed in such types of addiction treatment and can help manage unpleasant side effects with our medical detox program. Contact us today to learn more and start your journey to recovery. 

Is Alcohol Withdrawal Headache Normal?

Alcohol withdrawal isn’t pretty; it can trigger a host of unpleasant physical and psychological symptoms that can last a few days or as long as a few weeks.  Some are mild and flu-like, with little cause for concern. Other symptoms can be severe, life-threatening, and require hospitalization. Fortunately, alcohol withdrawal headaches aren’t usually part of the latter category. They are a fairly commonplace symptom and on their own are not a cause for alarm.

Why Does Alcohol Withdrawal Cause Headaches? 

The cause of alcohol withdrawal headaches is the same as withdrawal itself. Alcohol withdrawal happens when the body has developed a physical dependence on the substance. The brain has learned to compensate for the dulling effect of alcohol by constantly releasing extra chemicals in order to keep up functions as normal. This overstimulation becomes the new normal – even when alcohol is no longer present. The discomfort that occurs is the adjustment period of chemical production returning to normal. 

How Long Do Alcohol Withdrawal Headaches Last? 

Alcohol withdrawal is not a clear-cut process. It can vary widely from person to person based on the severity of their drinking habits, and get very messy in the interim before the body re-adjusts to functioning without alcohol. Therefore, alcohol withdrawal-induced headaches can be difficult to predict. The average withdrawal process can take a few days or, in rare cases, over a month to pass. 

Types of Alcohol Withdrawal Symptoms

Alcohol withdrawal symptoms can occur within hours after your last drink. However, the time distinction is not as important as the severity of the symptoms and does not follow a linear time-based schedule. Minor, moderate, or severe symptoms of withdrawal can occur at the very onset of the withdrawal process. 


The first stages of withdrawal begin around the 6-hour mark. Symptoms typically peak around the 48-hour mark and subside in intensity. Persisting symptoms that occur or worsen are usually attributed to delirium tremens, the most severe type of withdrawal. 

Minor Symptoms (Common)

The most common withdrawal symptoms are ones that affect the autonomic nervous system. These are functions that regulate the body’s automatic body functions like breathing, heart rate, digestion, reflexes, sneezing, etc., and typically cease after 48 hours.


  • Headache
  • Dilated pupils
  • Higher blood pressure
  • Higher body temperature
  • Nausea/Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Anxiety
  • Insomnia

Moderate Symptoms (Less Common)

Moderate symptoms include psychological side effects. These can begin 12-24 hours after withdrawal begins, and lasts significantly longer, for up to 6 days. 


  • Hallucinations (visual, auditory, or touch)
  • Seizures

Severe Symptoms (Uncommon)

  • Hyperthermia
  • Hypertensions
  • Fast breathing
  • Extreme sweating
  • Tremors
  • Delirium tremens

Alcohol & Headaches 

Headaches are one of the first symptoms of alcohol withdrawal to occur. They typically do so within the first 24-hours and can range in intensity from mild to severe (migraine-like). Headaches are often one of the first indicators the withdrawal is occurring. Withdrawal isn’t the only condition associated with headaches after heavy drinking, however. Hangovers are also known to leave heads pounding and bleary after a night of heavy drinking. Sometimes, hangover symptoms can be so severe that it is mistaken for withdrawal. 


Despite the similarities, headaches caused by withdrawal are completely different from those that occur as the after-effects of a binge drinking session. Withdrawal headaches are triggered by the absence of alcohol in the system, while hangover headaches are caused by too much alcohol being consumed at once. So while the pain may feel the same, the underlying cause of a withdrawal headache is much more serious.


If you have begun to experience alcohol withdrawal symptoms, it is recommended to have medical intervention for the detox process. Contact us today to learn more. 




Oxycodone and Alcohol: A Dangerous Combination

There’s a reason why most medications have a warning label against mixing with alcohol. In this specific instance, the danger of simultaneously using oxycodone and alcohol lies in that they have similar effects on the brain and central nervous system, although they do so in different ways. Both of these substances are depressants capable of causing irreparable harm to internal organs and a permanent imbalance of neurochemical levels. When combined, these two drugs make a deadly pair that amplifies each other’s negative effects and creates an entirely new host of dangers.

How They Work On Their Own

To better understand the risk that combining these drugs can cause, let’s look at how oxycodone and alcohol work independently.


Oxycodone is a fast-acting opioid and powerful pain reliever. It functions by binding to opioid receptors, slowing down messages to the brain while simultaneously triggering the release of dopamine. This results in pain relief and a feeling of euphoria or relaxation. With neurons no longer firing as normal, this depression of neuron activity causes multiple bodily functions including breathing, heartbeat, metabolism, and digestion to slow. This, in turn, can cause severe respiratory issues, low blood pressure, and constipation. Oxycodone can remain in the system for several days after the last use, making it dangerously easy to cause substance buildup within the body.


Alcohol, another depressant, causes a number of both chemical and physical changes within the body. Similar to oxycodone, alcohol also causes the slowing of neuron activity. Alcohol interrupts dopamine, serotonin, GABA, and glutamate circuits, each of which has some effect on mood, motor skills, cognitive functioning, and impulse control. Long-term alcohol abuse can cause permanent damage to the hippocampus and result in severe memory impairment. Physical long-term side effects include hypertension, cardiac stress, liver disease, digestive problems, and depression.  

Side Effects of Oxycodone and Alcohol Combined

Even the most mundane medications (like an antifungal cream) can have dangerous repercussions when exposed to an opioid. So it goes without saying that adding alcohol to the mix is bad news. 

  • Dangerously slow breathing – The brain can shut down if it doesn’t get enough oxygen, this can lead to a coma or death
  • Low blood pressure and cardiac distress
  • Severely impaired memory or memory loss
  • Drowsiness or unconsciousness
  • Increased likelihood of addiction

Both of these drugs are depressants that have a significant impact on central nervous system functions, combining them can make existing side effects turn deadly. And besides making an already bad situation worse, using oxycodone and alcohol together can cause withdrawal symptoms to be even more severe.

Treating Polysubstance Abuse

Polydrug users, those who abuse or are addicted to multiple drugs, are at much greater risk of experiencing compounded drug side effects. This is often a result of individuals using multiple drugs to “balance” the other out and stabilize drug side effects. This is a dangerous practice that can cause toxic buildup within the body which can unleash an entirely new set of damage to the body.

Polysubstance abuse can be incredibly difficult to treat and the chance of relapse is significantly higher. Medical detox is recommended for circumstances like this, where the effects of having multiple drugs in a system can be severe and require medical intervention. If you or a loved one find yourself addicted to multiple drugs at the same time, consult a Level Up Lake Worth addiction professional today. 

How Addictive Is Cocaine?

How Long Does Crack Cocaine Stay In Your System?

Crack cocaine, more commonly referred to by its shorthand ‘crack’, is a cruder form of cocaine. These illicit street drugs have a nearly identical chemical and pharmacological makeup to one another. Both are very powerful substances but crack cocaine has a much shorter-lived stimulating effect. Short-lived means that it will be out of your system quickly, right? Well, not necessarily. If you are wondering how long crack cocaine will stay in your system, the truth is that it varies. Depending on various factors and how you are measuring the amount of this drug that is still in the human body, the answer may be different.

You see, crack cocaine is a fast-acting drug that provides an energizing and stimulating effect within seconds. However, these effects wear off in as little as a few minutes. This does not mean that the drug is out of the body. Let’s take a look at some different ways we can test for the presence of crack cocaine in the human body.

Crack Cocaine Drug Testing

Blood Test

Via a blood test, crack cocaine can actually be detected for the shortest period of time. A blood test would typically only detect the consumption of this drug if it occurred in the last 2 to 12 hours. Blood is constantly being pumped through the human body and being filtered. This is why it may only be detected for such a short period of time.

Saliva Test

Another way that crack cocaine can be detected in the human body is through saliva. Via this method, detection could occur up to 24 hours after the last use.

Urine Test

A urine test is probably the most common method for drug testing because it is easy to collect the specimen and many drugs can be detected for a longer period of time than saliva or blood test. Crack cocaine can be detected in urine anywhere from 1 to 4 days.

Hair Test

The method that allows crack cocaine use to be detected for the longest period of time is a hair test. A hair test can detect the use of various drugs, including crack cocaine, for 3 months or longer. Although this method of drug testing is not common, and arguably the drug is no longer “in your system” it is a way in which the substance can be detected.

Factors That Affect How Long Crack Cocaine Stays In Your System

Any of these methods of detecting whether crack cocaine is still in someone’s system consist of a range of time. The following factors can play into how long each test would be effective:

Liver Function

A well-functioning liver will be able to filter blood faster and more efficiently than a damaged or stressed liver. Therefore, someone with a healthy liver will be able to process chemical substances, even crack cocaine, quicker. However, drug use can cause stress on the liver. Crack cocaine use over time may lead to liver damage and cause it to work harder and longer to process out toxins.

Length of Use

When referring to the length of use, we are referring to how long the individual has been using this particular substance. Is this the first time using, or have they been using crack cocaine for months or years? Use over a longer period of time can cause the substance to build up in that body. Consequently, it will take longer to process crack cocaine or other toxins out of their system.

Food and Water Intake

Water consumption can help flush out crack cocaine from your system. On the other hand, eating food can slow down the ability to metabolize the substance because the human body is simultaneously trying to digest the food.

Amount of Drug Used

The greater the dose of crack cocaine used, the longer it will take for the human body to process the substance. This is because the liver is only able to process a certain amount in a given time.

Polydrug Use

Mixing drugs is a dangerous practice that can have numerous effects on the human body. Often co-drug use can significantly increase the effects of the substances consumed, in addition to increasing how long it takes for the human body to process the drugs.

All About Opioid Half Life